Institut für Raumbezogene Informations- und Messtechnik
Hochschule Mainz - University of Applied Sciences


Auch in diesem Jahr präsentierte sich das i3mainz auf der Messe Control in Stuttgart. Als Aussteller auf der Sonderausstellung „Berührungslose Messtechnik“ der…

Am 15.5.2015 ist es endlich so weit: Martin Heppe, Raphael Bretscher und Arno Heidelberg, Studenten der BA- und MA-Studiengänge Geoinformatik und Vermessung…



The Labeling System project develops a prototype of a web based editor for controlled vocabularies. The system relies on the concept of linked-data implementing technologies and fo…
Geoinformation für alle – Luftballons im Dienste der Wissenschaft. Unter dem Motto "OpenBalloonMap" vermittelt das i3mainz Grundlagen der Geoinformatik und präsentiert Pr…


The Labeling System: A New Approach to Overcome the Vocabulary Bottleneck


F. Thiery,
K.C. Bruhn,
M. Piotrowski,
G. Colavizza



Shared controlled vocabularies are a prerequisite for collaborative annotation and semantic interchange. The creation and maintenance of such vocabularies is, however, time-consuming and expensive. The diversity of research questions in the humanities makes it virtually impossible to create shared controlled vocabularies that cover a wide range of potential applications and satisfy the needs of diverse stakeholders. In this paper we present a novel conceptual approach for mitigating these problems. We propose that projects define their own vocabularies as needed and link the vocabulary terms to one or more concepts in a reference thesaurus, so that the project-specific term effectively serves as a "label" for a set of shared concepts. We also describe the implementation of this approach in the Labeling System. The Labeling System is a Web application that allows users to easily import concepts or create SKOS vocabularies and link the vocabulary terms to concepts from one or more reference thesauri.

Einsetzbarkeitsuntersuchung der Apple iBeacon Technologie bei Messen


K. Böhm,
W. Y.,
vanWickeren M.


LBAS, Fachgespräch, Ortsbezogene Anwendungen und Dienste

3D-Messen großer Volumen bzw. großer Bauteile


D. Berndt,
F. Boochs,
P. Kühmstedt


Leitfaden zur optischen 3D-Messtechnik

Große Bauteile entstehen im Fahrzeugbau (PKWs und LKWs in der Automobilproduktion, Flugzeugrumpfschalen oder
Turbinenmodule im Flugzeugbau, Rahmen und Außenhaut an Schienenfahrzeugen), im Schiffbau, im Anlagenbau oder bei der Produktion von Energieerzeugungsanlagen (Windenergieanlagen, Großturbinen, usw.). An sie werden hohe Anforderungen hinsichtlich Maßhaltigkeit und Ausführungsqualität gestellt. Typische, sich daraus ergebene Messaufgaben sind das Prüfen geometrischer Merkmale in einem großen Messvolumen (z. B. Maß- und Formabweichungen über mehrere Meter) sowie das dimensionelle Erfassen einer lokalen Bauteilgeometrie oder das Prüfen eines lokalen Montagezustands in einem global registrierten Bauteilkoordinatensystem.
Dazu kommen Sensoren zum Einsatz, die nur in einem lokal begrenzten Messvolumen, typischerweise kleiner 1m, Bild und
Geometrieinformationen erfassen können. Da die Abmessungen der Großbauteile mehrere Meter bis mehrere zehn Meter
betragen, müssen die lokal erfassten Prüfmerkmale für die sich anschließende Auswertung in ein globales Koordinatensystem, üblicherweise das Bauteilkoordinatensystem, transformiert werden.

Modular method of detection, localization, and counting of multiple-taxon pollen apertures using bag-of-words


G. Lozano-Vega,
Y. Benezeth,
F. Marzani,
F. Boochs


Journal of Electronic Imaging

Abstract.  Accurate recognition of airborne pollen taxa is crucial for understanding and treating allergic diseases which affect an important proportion of the world population. Modern computer vision techniques enable the detection of discriminant characteristics. Apertures are among the important characteristics which have not been adequately explored until now. A flexible method of detection, localization, and counting of apertures of different pollen taxa with varying appearances is proposed. Aperture description is based on primitive images following the bag-of-words strategy. A confidence map is estimated based on the classification of sampled regions. The method is designed to be extended modularly to new aperture types employing the same algorithm by building individual classifiers. The method was evaluated on the top five allergenic pollen taxa in Germany, and its robustness to unseen particles was verified.

Analysis of Relevant Features for Pollen Classification


G. Lozano-Vega,
Y. Benezeth,
F. Marzani,
F. Boochs


Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations

Dissemination Design of a 3D Documented Archaeological Feature in Ephesos.


S. Wefers,
A. Cramer

PDF / BibTex

COSCH e-Bulletin

The paper presents different forms of documentation of a Late Antique and Early Byzantine water-powered workshop and milling complex in what is commonly known as Terrace House 2 in Ephesos, Turkey. The entire complex was documented by means of 3D laser scanning in 2009 and 2010. Geometrical data were processed and used in the form of a point cloud in the archaeological analysis. Narrow parts, complex structures, and small rooms of the well-preserved feature were surveyed efficiently using a 3D laser scanner. Additionally, panoramic images were captured. They offered the possibility to colour the point cloud, thus helping to identify and understand the feature better in the model. The developed consistent 3D point cloud of the entire feature provided the spatial data for analyses, reconstructions and technical drawings, such as ground plots and sectional views for publications.
In order to address specific questions, e.g. to determine the course of the chute, or the size and position of the water-wheels, it was essential to be able to work with complete geometric data. For that purpose the data were exported from original files, using a free software plugin, and made usable in an internet browser. The interface is easy to operate and allows measurement and marking of 3D distances and coordinates of single points, within one scanner position. These can be saved and exchanged. In addition, using this technique a selection of the 3D data will be made available to the general user.

Towards a knowledge model bridging technologies and applications in cultural heritage documentation


F. Boochs,
A. Trémeau,
O. Murphy,
M. Gerke,
J.L. Lerma,
A. Karmacharya,
M. Karaszewski


ISPRS Technical Commission V Symposium

This paper documents the formulation of an international, interdisciplinary study, on a concerted European level, to prepare an innovative, reliable, independent and global knowledge base facilitating the use of today’s and future optical measuring techniques for the documentation of  cultural heritage. Cultural heritage professionals, color engineers and scientists share similar goals for the documentation, curation, long-term preservation and representation of cultural heritage artifacts. Their focus is on accuracy in the digital capture and remediation of artefacts through a range of temporal, spatial and technical constraints. A shared vocabulary to interrogate these shared concerns will transform mutual understanding and facilitate an agreed movement forward in cultural heritage documentation here proposed in the work of the COST Action Color and Space in Cultural Heritage (COSCH). The goal is a model that captures the shared concerns of professionals for a standards-based solution with an organic Linked Data model. The knowledge representation proposed here invokes a GUI interface for non-expert users of capture technologies, facilitates, and formulates their engagement with key questions for the field.

Colour and Space in Cultural Heritage: Key Questions in 3D Optical Documentation of Material Culture for Conservation


F. Boochs,
B.K. A.,
D. Ch.,
K. M.,
K. A.,
K. Z.,
P. M.,
S. R.,
T. A.,
T. D.,
T. L.


5th International Conference, EuroMed 2014, Limassol, Cyprus, November 3-8

The paper introduces some key interdisciplinary questions concerning the development of optical measuring techniques and electronic imaging applied to documentation and presentation of artefacts, as identified through the work of Colour and Space in Cultural Heritage (, a trans-domain European Action (TD1201) in the area of Materials, Physics and Nanosciences (MPNS) supported, since 2013, by the European Cooperation in Science and Technology TD1201. Some 125 international researchers and professionals participate in COSCH activities which have been organised around six main subjects: (1) spectral object documentation; (2) spatial object documentation; (3) algorithms and procedures; (4) analysis and restoration of cultural heritage surfaces and objects; (5) visualisation of cultural heritage objects and its dissemination; and (6) the semantic development of the COSCH Knowledge Representation.

The Authors outline and illustrate the approaches adopted by COSCH. They indicate future work that is needed to resolve the identified scientific, technical and semantic questions, as well as challenges of interdisciplinary communication, to ensure a wider adoption of specialist technologies and enhanced standards in 3D documentation of material cultural heritage — being a basis for its understanding, conservation, restoration, long-term preservation, study, presentation and wide dissemination.


Studentische Projekte

Studierende des Masterstudiengangs Geoinformatik und Vermessung


Im Rahmen des Mastermoduls "Interdisziplinäre Anwendungen raumbezogener Informationstechnik" in den Studiengängen "Geoinformatik und Vermessung" (HS Mainz) und "Archäologie" (JGU Mainz) findet am 4. Dezember 2014 ein Workshop statt. Das mit dem "Open Humanities Award" der EU-Initiative DM2E (Digitised Manuscripts to Europeana) ausgezei…

Nina Schäfer,
Jan Mahle,
Christian Wiemers,
Martin Saufaus


Im Rahmen des Projekts wird ein Konzept für die Indoor-Navigation mit der iBeacon-Technologie entworfen und mittels Prototyp implementiert, validiert, dokumentiert und veröffentlicht. Der Prototyp soll als Smartphone-App die Standortbestimmung mit der iBeacon-Technologie und die Visualisierung der Po…

B.Eng. Martin Lux,
B.Sc. Jens Wambach,
B. Sc. Benedikt Rauls


OpenIndy ist eine Open Source-Software, die Im Rahmen einer Projektarbeit des Masterstudiengangs Geoinformatik und Vermessung an der Fachhochschule Mainz erdacht und erstellt wurde. Mit OpenIndy können verschiedene Arten von Messsensorsystemen (Lasertracker, Tachymeter) angebunden werden. Die Messdaten können verschiedenartig ausgewert…


Semantic Web und Linked Data: Generierung von Interoperabilität in archäologischen Fachdaten am Beispiel römischer Töpferstempel
Florian Thiery 2013/2014 - HTML

Structure from Motion für das Verwitterungsmonitoring
Morad Lahriq 2013 - HTML

Optimierung von Dokumentationsprozessen für die Bauforschung
David Schumann 2013 - HTML