Institut für Raumbezogene Informations- und Messtechnik
Hochschule Mainz - University of Applied Sciences

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Projects

2018

Ziel dieses vom BMBF geförderten Projekts ist es, drei umfangreiche Materialkomplexe, die Informationen zu römischen Grabdenkmälern aus Augusta Treverorum und Neumagen wiedergeben, erstmals systematisch aufzunehmen und durch Digitalisierung der...
The so-called African Red Slip Ware (ARS) is a central archaeological object type for the understanding of late antique worlds of ideas and their change, as well as for the economic history. The 3-year project funded by the Federal Ministry of...
Die sogenannte African Red Slip Ware (ARS) ist eine zentrale archäologische Objektgattung für das Verständnis spätantiker Vorstellungswelten und ihres Wandels, wie auch für die Wirtschaftsgeschichte. Das vom Bundesministerium für Bildung und...

2017

Wie aus der Zeit gefallen ragt das Brandungskliff am Steigerberg aus einer stillgelegten Kiesgrube. Da das Kliff auf dem GrundstĂĽck der RKS Kies- und Splittwerke liegt, soll es in naher Zukunft zugeschĂĽttet werden. Aus diesem Grund erfolgte durch...
Im Zuge dieser Sonderausstellung „Die Bilderwelt der Kelten“ sind keltische Kleinplastiken aus Bronze mittels hochpräziser optischer 3D-Messtechnik in Kombination mit hochauflösenden RGB Farbbildern erfasst wurden. Hintergrund der Messtätigkeit ist...
Industrieroboter gewinnen durch ihre vielfältige Einsetzbarkeit sowohl in vielen Bereichen der Industrie als auch in der Messtechnik an Interesse. In Verbindung mit einem optischen Messsystem ermöglicht sie neue, hochgenaue und zugeschnittene 3D-...
Ziel des Projekts DikoS ist es, ein Digitalisierungskonzept für unterirdische Bergwerke und obertägige Steinbrüche zu erstellen. Die angestrebten Digitalisate sollen der wissenschaftlichen community zur Verfügung gestellt werden, um die...
Archaeological, ethnohistorical and cultural heritage management research will be carried out at the three important and major Zimbabwe Tradition stone walled enclosures Bumbuzi, Mtoa, and Shangano located in the north western part of Zimbabwe....
In den zurĂĽckliegenden Jahren kann auf eine erfolgreiche Zusammenarbeit mit dem Institut fĂĽr Steinkonservierung e.V. (IfS) zurĂĽckgeblickt werden. Nachdem in der vergangenen Zeit einige Pilotprojekte zur Untersuchung der Verwendbarkeit aktueller 3D-...
Im Rahmen des Aufbaus eines Zentrums zur Präzisionsmess- und Prüftechnik ist das i3mainz neben den Aktivitäten auf dem Gebiet der DKD-Zertifizierung des Kalibrierlabors für optisch antastbare Maßstäbe auch im Bereich der Kalibrierung optischer...

2016

In der Orthopädietechnik werden Hilfsmittel immer noch überwiegend mit klassischen Guss- und Abformtechniken hergestellt. Die sich bietenden Möglichkeiten über CNC-Fräsen oder 3D-Druck werden erst spärlich eingesetzt, da diese auf digitalen...
In diesem Projekt werden historische Nassholzbohlen und hölzerne Befestigungsmaterialien des Karlsgraben mithilfe von hochpräziser und flächenhaft arbeitender 3D-Messtechnik geometrisch erfasst. Dies dient zum einen der reinen Dokumentation und zum...
Das Projekt knĂĽpft an eine Master-Projektarbeit aus dem Wintersemester 2015 an und soll die darin gewonnenen Erkenntnisse ĂĽberprĂĽfen. Dabei ging es um die Deformationsanalyse einer Staumauer mit Hilfe von terrestrischem Laserscanning und einem...
In dem Projekt werden monumentale römische Grabdenkmäler aus dem Trierer Raum umfassend aufgenommen, dokumentiert und soweit möglich, auch rekonstruiert, um sie in einem zweiten Schritt systematisch als Medien soziokultureller Repräsentation zu...
Die automatisierte Kalibrierung von Prüfkörpern für die Röntgen-Mikrocomputertomographie gelingt mittels berührungsloser optischer Vermessung unter Rückgriff auf Computer Vision Verfahren.
Das i3mainz unterstützt das Heliopolis-Projekt im Kairener Stadtteil Mataryia mit dem Ziel, das Forschungsdatenmanagement der Grabung zu erarbeiten und umzusetzen. Die Ergebnisse der archäologischen Arbeiten sollen schließlich in einem GIS...
Zur Publikation und Unterstützung der archäologischen Interpretation sollte 2016 eine plattformunabhängige Applikation entwickelt werden mit dessen Hilfe die unterschiedlichen 3D-Daten (TLS, Photogrammetrie, CAD-Konstruktionen) des Palastbrunnens...
Im Zuge der Publikation und Analyse der 3D-Daten eines unberührten Gruftkomplexes zu Qatna ist die Bereitstellung der Daten anhand einer plattformunabhängigen Web-Applikation beschlossen worden, um den Projektteilnehmern sowie einem öffentlichen...

2015

Das Mainzer Zentrum für Digitalität in den Geistes- und Kulturwissenschaften, mainzed, ist ein offenes Netzwerk zur Bündelung der digitalen Kompetenzen in den verschiedenen Einrichtungen am Wissenschaftsstandort Mainz. Im Mittelpunkt steht die...
Im Rahmen der Informationszusammenführung archäologischer Fachdaten werden die Kerninformationen der einzelnen Projekte zu Häfen und hafenrelevanter Infrastruktur in einem spezifischen Datenmodell zusammengestellt und unter Wahrung der jeweiligen...
Die Archäologische Staatssammlung München bearbeitet seit Mitte 2012 in ihren Restaurierungswerkstätten die Blockbergung eines hallstattzeitlichen Kammergrabes (7. Jh. v. Chr.) aus Otzing (LK Deggendorf, Niederbayern) mit einer Fülle von Kleinfunden...
Kurzfassung
Der Königspalast stellte über mehrere Jahrhunderte das offensichtlichste Symbol für Macht und Reichtum der Herrscher von Qatna dar. Offenbar scheuten seine Erbauer keine Kosten und Mühen, um einen Amts- und Wohnsitz zu errichten, der die Residenzen...
The SemGIS project aims at interpreting heterogeneous data by creating interoperability via a semantic layer between former unrelated spatial and non-spatial data sets. Applications of this semantic layer are to be found in disaster management,...
Modellierung der historischen Geographie Nordmesopotamiens im 2. Jt. v. Chr. mittels der integrierten Analyse von Texten, Archäologie und Raum, Geoinformatik und dem semantischen Netz
Mit tachymetrischem 3D-Scanning im Verbund mit Structure from Motion Techniken zu georeferenzierten Punktwolken von schwer zugänglichen Objekten.
The presented project is an internship project by two french master’s degree students. It has been realized in partnership with the German railway company, Deutsche Bahn. The project aim is to automatically detect and identify the various types of...
Dieses Projekt verfolgt einen neuartigen Ansatz zur Erfassung, Kombination und Analyse persönlicher Belastungsinformationen und feinmaschiger Umweltdaten. Hieraus werden individuelle Handlungsempfehlungen identifiziert, bewertet und überwacht....
In dem archäologischen Forschungsprojekt am Monte Bisenzio (Italien) verantwortet das i3mainz die messtechnischen Grundlagen und die nachhaltige Verwaltung der Forschungsdaten. In dem von der DFG für zunächst drei Jahre geförderten Vorhaben steht...
Ziel von ChronOntology ist die persistente Bereitstellung offener Webservices zur dynamischen Adressierung der ganzen Bandbreite chronologischer Konzepte als Linked Open Data Ressourcen, analog zu Ortsdaten in einem Gazetteer. Die publizierten...
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News

2018

Gleich an vier Ständen zeigte das i3mainz auf dem Mainzer Wissenschaftsmarkt 2018 Präsenz. Aus den Forschungen des i3mainz präsentierte sich das Kooperations...

Das i3mainz gratuliert Waldemar Kisser herzlich zur erfolgreichen wissenschaftlichen Aussprache. In seiner Dissertation befasste er sich mit dem Thema: „Der...

Aus dem ganzen Rhein-Main-Gebiet kamen am 18. Juni Vertreterinnen und Vertreter von Museen, Archiven, Sammlungen und Forschungseinrichtungen in die Aula der...

Von Zeit zu Zeit bereichern Menschen fĂĽr kurze Zeit das i3mainz-Team, so auch Andrea Mertens. Andrea war von Februar bis Mai als Praktikantin am i3mainz und...

Vier Tage lang, vom 15. bis 18. Mai 2018, stand Leipzig im Zeichen der Technischen Orthopädie. Mehr als 570 Aussteller aus 43 Ländern präsentierten sich auf...

Geodätinnen und Geodäten aus aller Herren Länder trafen sich vom 6.-11. Mai in Istanbul, Türkei zum Kongress der FIG (International Federation of Surveyors)....

Vom 5.-8. März 2018 fand der zweite Workshop der Postdoc Stipendiaten des VW-Programms „Wissen für morgen – Kooperative Forschungsvorhaben im sub-saharischen...

Während die ägyptisch-deutsche Mission in Heliopolis unter anderem weitere Teile der Kolossalstatue des Pharaos Psammetich I. zu Tage beförderten, fand vom 1...

Am 3. April 2017 fand an der Fondation Hugot du Collège de France ein GIS-Workshop des DFG-ANR-Projekts TEXTELSEM statt. Unter den Teilnehmern befanden sich...

Am 14. März lud die Zukunftsinitiative Rheinland-Pfalz (ZIRP) e.V. Salvatore Barbaro, seit 2016 Staatssekretär im Ministerium für Wissenschaft, Weiterbildung...

Messages

Publications

2018

i3mainz - Jahresbericht 2017

2018

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<p>Im Jahresbericht werden die Aktivitäten des i3mainz in komprimierter Form vorgestellt.</p>

2017

Knowledge-based object recognition in point clouds and image data sets

2017

gis.Science









Genauigkeitsabschätzung von Bündelblockausgleichungen mit Hilfe des EMVA1288 Standards

2017

gis.Science Zeitschrift fĂĽr Geoinformatik
<p>Dieser Beitrag beschreibt die a priori Abschätzung erreichbarer Genauigkeiten der Bündelblockausgleichung. Dies geschieht mit Hilfe des EMVA1288 Standards. Durch numerische Simulationen wird hierzu zunächst die Zentrumsunsicherheit der Zielmarken mit der daraus folgenden Objektraum-Unsicherheit verknüpft. Der nächste Schritt ist eine Verknüpfung der EMVA1288-Kennzahlen und der daraus resultierenden Unsicherheit eines Grauwertes mit Algorithmen zur Ellipsendetektion. Abschließend wird ein stochastisches Modell vorgeschlagen und an einer real durchgeführten Kamerakalibrierung untersucht.</p>

Katastrophenmanagement: Die geflutete Stadt

2017

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Towards the design of respond action in disaster management using knowledge modeling

2017

The Fourth International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management in Mediterranean Countries (ISCRAM-med 2017)
<p>This position paper highlights current problems linked to the aspects of the multi-agency collaboration during disaster response. The coordination and cooperation depend on the information sharing and use which must face up to interoperability, access rights, and quality problems. The research project aims at providing an assessment of information impact on the disaster response in order to support the decisionmaking about what information shared or what quality of data used to improve the response efficiency. Our research approach propose to combine an information system able to integrate heterogeneous data and a simulation system to assess different strategies of information sharing, dissemination and use. A knowledge base is used as a bridge between information system and simulation system. This knowledge base allows for designing dynamically a simulation according to open data and for managing the own knowledge and information known by each agent.</p>

Integration, quality assurance and usage of geospatial data with semantic tools

2017

gis.Science









Analyse von Bildresiduen mit Machine-Learning im Rahmen von Kamera-Kalibrierungen

2017

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<p>Photogrammetrie ermöglicht es, Objekte mithilfe von Digitalbildern zu vermessen. Bei optimalen Messbedingungen sind Qualitätsunterschiede der abgeleiteten Maße vor allem auf die mathematische Modellierung des verwendeten Sensors und des Objektivs zurückzuführen. Photogrammetrische Kalibrierungen erfolgen meist mittels Bündelblockausgleichung. Diese gestattet es, vielerlei statistische Kennzahlen abzuleiten. Eine tiefer gehende Analyse der berechneten Parameter, Standardabweichungen, Korrelationen und deren Verteilungen kann Aufschluss darüber geben, ob das verwendete Kalibriermodell Schwächen aufweist. Solche Defizite können sich durch systematische Restfehler im Bild- oder Objektraum äußern. Da solche Restfehler auch zu Ungenauigkeiten in den daraus abgeleiteten Informationen führen können, ist deren mathematischer Nachweis und anschließende Kompensation zur Erzielung höchster Genauigkeiten unausweichlich. Neueste Ansätze nutzen Korrekturterme, um Residuensystematiken schon während der Bündelblockausgleichung zu modellieren. Dieser Beitrag beschreibt, wie auch Machine-Learning-<br />Techniken dabei helfen können, verbliebene systematische Abweichungen in Bildresiduen nachzuweisen, ohne dass hierzu ein Eingriff in die Bündelblockausgleichung notwendig ist. Dies wird im ersten Schritt anhand von Beispieldaten erläutert. Im zweiten Schritt wird die Wirkung dieser Vorgehensweise an einer realen Kamerakalibrierung verdeutlicht. Abschließend erfolgt eine Diskussion der im Zuge dieser Arbeit erzielten Resultate und möglicher Eignung dieses Verfahrens in der Praxis.</p>

A Framework to Improve the Disaster Response Through a Knowledge-Based Multi-Agent System

2017

International Journal of Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (IJISCRAM)
<p><span id="ctl00_cphFeatured_lblAbstract">The disaster response still faces problems of collaboration due to lack of policies concerning the information exchange during the response. Moreover, plans are prepared to respond to a disaster, but drills to apply them are limited and do not allow to determine their efficiency and conflicts with other organizations. This paper presents a framework allowing for different organizations involving in the disaster response to assess their collaboration through its simulation using an explicit representation of their knowledge. This framework is based on a multi-agent system composed of three generic agent models to represent the organizational structure of disaster response. The decision-making about response actions is done through task decomposition and repartition. It is based reasoning on ontologies which provides an explicit trace of the response plans design and their execution. Such framework aims at identifying cooperation problems and testing strategies of information exchange to support the preparation of disaster response.</span></p>

Ontology-based Knowledge Representation for Recommendation of Optimal Recording Strategies - Photogrammetry and Laser Scanning as Examples.

2017

gis.Science
<p><span style="color: rgb(73, 72, 72); font-family: Roboto, Roboto, &quot;Helvetica Neue&quot;, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; text-align: justify;">Experts&rsquo; knowledge about optical technologies for spatial and spectral recording is logically structured and stored in an ontology-based knowledge representation with the aim to provide objective recommendations for recording strategies. Besides operational functionalities and technical parameters such as measurement principles, instruments, and setups further factors such as the targeted application, data, physical characteristics of the object, and external influences are considered creating a holistic view on spectral and spatial recording strategies. Through this approach impacting factors on the technologies and generated data are identified. Semantic technologies allow to flexibly store this knowledge in a hierarchical class structure with dependencies, interrelations and description logic statements. Through an inference system the knowledge can be retrieved adapted to individual needs.</span></p>

How to optimally record cultural heritage objects? Decision support through connected knowledge.

2017

EVA Berlin 2017. Elektronische Medien & Kunst, Kultur und Historie 24. Berliner Veranstaltung der internationalen EVA-Serie Electronic Media and Visual Arts, 2017
<p>Optical recording of material cultural heritage (CH) is a multidisciplinary activity where the understanding of cross-disciplinary semantics is vital for a successful completion. In many cases, a lack of understanding of transdisciplinary semantics slows this process down. The end users who are mostly humanities experts lack the technical knowledge of spatial and spectral recording and could therefore demand more than what is actually required or sufficient for the intended CH application. The negotiations between technical experts and the end users are a tedious process. We present a semantic-based decision support system, COSCH<sup>KR</sup>, that employs reasoning and recommends optimal recording technology(ies) according to the application requirements of the recorded and processed data. COSCH<sup>KR</sup> is an ontology-based knowledge model that implies the development of semantic technologies within the Semantic Web framework. It represents formalized knowledge of the disciplines involved in the process of optical recording of material CH. The paper describes the applicability of the model in spatial, spectral, and visualization applications and summarises current possibilities and challenges.</p>

Terrain difficulty as a relevant proxy for objectifying mobility patterns and economic behaviour in the Aurignacian of the Middle Danube region: the case of Stratzing (Austria)

2017

The Exploitation of Raw Materials in Prehistory: Sourcing, Processing and Distribution
<p>This paper addresses the factors that conditioned the choices in lithic resource procurement for tool making at the Late Aurignacian site of Stratzing-Galgenberg (Austria), based on the lithic assemblage from the main area of the site. The raw materials used in the analysed assemblage are varied and partly relate to various local and non-local proveniences. The importance of non-local flint in the assemblage contradicts the distance decay model according to which the amount of a given raw material decreases with the increasing distance from its source. Drawing on the approach developed recently by Lucy Wilson, we examine the predictive ability of &ldquo;source attractiveness&rdquo; with respect to terrain difficulty and energy expenditure to understand why some sources were used more than others, using a Geographic Information System (GIS). Our results indicate that terrain difficulty and mobility costs matter and have a better predictive ability than Euclidean distance alone to explain assemblage variability in the Aurignacian of the Middle Danube region.</p>

How to Enrich Description Logics with Fuzziness

2017

SAI Computing Conference
<p>The paper describes the relation between fuzzy and non-fuzzy description logics. It gives an overview about current research in these areas and describes the difference between tasks for description logics and fuzzy logics. The paper also deals with the transformation properties of description logics to fuzzy logics and backwards. While the process of transformation from a description logic to a fuzzy logic is a trivial inclusion, the other way of reducing information from fuzzy logic to description logic is a difficult task, that will be topic of future work.</p>

COSCH - Vier Jahre interdisziplinärer Dialog zum Nutzen des kulturellen Erbes.

2017

KulturBetrieb - Magazin für innovative und wirtschaftliche Lösungen in Museen, Bibliotheken und Archiven









Digital 3D reconstructed models A proposition for structuring visualisation workflows using semantic technologies for recommendations

2017

Studies in Digital Heritage
<p>It is common for cultural heritage applications to use spatial and/or spectral data for documentation, analysis and visualisation. Knowledge on data requirements coming from the cultural heritage application and technical alternatives to generate the required data based on object characteristics and other influencings factors paves the way for the optimal selection of a recording technology. It is a collaborative process requiring knowledge of experts from cultural heritage domains and technical domains. Currently, this knowledge is structured and stored in an ontology (so-called COSCHKR). It has the purpose to support CH experts not familiar with technologies through prescribing an optimal spatial or spectral recording strategy adapted to the physical characteristics of the cultural heritage object and the data requirements of the targeted CH application. The creation of digital 3D reconstructed models for analysis and visualisation purposes is getting more and more common within humanities disciplines. Therefore, an implementation of mechanisms involved in visualisation applications into this ontology would have huge benefits in creating a powerful recommendation solution. A structured view on such project workflows facilitates a rough match with the existing knowledge representation. Illustrating the overall structure of COSCHKR, this paper addresses and discusses challenges in structuring the processes of cultural heritage visualisation and implementing these into the ontology.</p>

book review: M. Maříková, Ch. Zschieschang (Hrsg.), Wassermühlen und Wassernutzung im mittelalterlichen Ostmitteleuropa. Forschungen zur Geschichte und Kultur des östlichen Mitteleuropa 50 (Stuttgart 2015)

2017

Zeitschrift fĂĽr Ostmitteleuropa-Forschung









Digital 3D reconstructed models: Using semantic technologies for recommendations in visualization applications

2017

Studies in Digital Heritage









i3mainz - Jahresbericht 2016

2017

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<p><span>Im Jahresbericht werden die Aktivitäten des i3mainz in komprimierter Form vorgestellt.</span></p>

An Interdisciplinary Discussion of the Terminologies used in Cultural Heritage Research

2017

A. Bentkowska-Kafel, L. MacDonald (eds), Digtial Techniques for Documenting and Preserving Cultural Heritage.
<p>Accuracy, Artefact, Feature, Precision, Reconstruction, Resolution, Texture, Uncertainty are words central to many discussions of the documentation of CH. This chapter charts the interdisciplinary discussion towards a common understanding of terminologies used in CH. It is a discussion that recognizes critical differences or common misuse, and aims to contribute to a shared understanding that may be useful for all knowledge domains in the field.</p>

Automatic Integration of Spatial Data into the Semantic Web

2017

WebIST 2017
<p><span class="foldable-text" data-reactid="122" id="yui_3_14_1_1_1505396336545_1222">For several years, many researchers tried to semantically integrate geospatial datasets into the semantic web. Although, there are many general means of integrating interconnected relational datasets (e.g. R2RML), importing schema-less relational geospatial data remains a major challenge in the semantic web community. In our project SemGIS we face significant importation challenges of schema-less geodatasets, in various data formats without relations to the semantic web. We therefore developed an automatic process of semantification for aforementioned data using among others the geometry of spatial objects. We combine Natural Language processing with geographic and semantic tools in order to extract semantic information of spatial data into a local ontology linked to existing semantic web resources. For our experiments, we used LinkedGeoData and Geonames ontologies to link semantic spatial information and compared links with DBpedia and Wikidata for other types of information. The aim of our experiments presented in this paper, is to examine the feasibility and limits of an automated integration of spatial data into a semantic knowledge base and to assess its correctness according to different open datasets. Other ways to link these open datasets have been applied and we used the different results for evaluating our automatic approach.</span></p>

Wall Paintings in the Château de Germolles: An Interdisciplinary Project for the Rediscovery of a Unique Fourteenth-Century Decoration

2017

A. Bentkowska-Kafel, L. MacDonald (eds), Digtial Techniques for Documenting and Preserving Cultural Heritage
<p>The aim of this study was to examine and document the wall paintings in the Château de Germolles. Situated in Burgundy, France, Germolles is the best preserved residence of the Dukes of Burgundy and was listed as a monument of national importance in 1989.<br />The medieval wall decoration of the Château de Germolles was rediscovered under the nineteenth-century plasters during World War II. Medieval accounts of the château provide a detailed list of the materials acquired to make the mural decoration, but this list is incongruous when compared with the current appearance of the paintings. The discrepancy between the archival and material evidence, and also the need to understand the complexity of the painting technique used were the main motivations for undertaking the case study described in this chapter. Imaging alongside more traditional examination techniques were utilized to record and document the mural decoration. The objectives of the case study were to distinguish the original materials from those applied during restoration, identify those materials, and correlate them with the archives. We also tried to understand the medieval painting techniques used and assess the condition of the paintings and stabilization requirements. Finally we aimed to find a sustainable solution for the management of the various types of data collected. Various techniques and investigations offered valuable insights into the materials and the painting technique used. To improve visitor experience, based on the information gained in the course of this study, a 3D virtual representation of the original decoration is currently proposed for display to the public visiting the Château de Germolles.</p>

Ontology-Based Structuring of Spectral and Spatial Recording Strategies for Cultural Heritage Assets: Background, State of Affairs, and Future Perspectives

2017

A. Bentkowska-Kafel, L. MacDonald (eds), Digtial Techniques for Documenting and Preserving Cultural Heritage
<p>The activities of COSCH community and the disciplines it represents were as diverse as they could possibly be in research into cultural heritage. To achieve common goals it was of utmost importance to have a common understanding of these diverse activities and disciplines. Work on the COSCH Knowledge Representation, or COSCHKR, was undertaken to develop a common semantic base representing different disciplines and to facilitate communication within the Action. The COSCHKR is an ontology-based inference model, guided by inference rules that provide a semantic bridge between various interdisciplinary activities involved in non-invasive technical documentation of material cultural heritage. The model is intended to support humanities experts by recommending optimal spatial and spectral techniques. The model may also be used by technology experts to compare their own solutions with the ones recommended through COSCHKR, and to understand why they may differ.<br />In this chapter we present the methods adopted for designing the COSCHKR and the steps in the development of the inference model. The difficulties in maintaining a common level of understanding within the diverse disciplines during the knowledge acquisition process are discussed. We present mechanisms and methods of information collection, its structuring, and aligning, to formulate different axioms and theorems within the model. The design and development of COSCHKR was based on an iterative procedure where the gathered knowledge was first verified with the group of experts before it was processed. This verification mechanism was important for the reliability of the model, ensuring technical consistency. This chapter highlights the importance of these iterative mechanisms in the validation of knowledge gathered and then information populated inside the knowledge base.</p>

2016

Detection and classification of railway switches in point clouds of the German railway system

2016

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i3mainz - Jahresbericht 2015

2016

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<p><span>Im Jahresbericht werden die Aktivitäten des i3mainz in komprimierter Form vorgestellt.</span></p>

Using an INSPIRE Ontology to Support Spatial Data Interoperability

2016

INSPIRE Conference 2016, Barcelona









Digital 3D Reconstructed Models – Structuring Visualisation Project Workflows

2016

igital Heritage. Progress in Cultural Heritage: Documentation, Preservation, and Protection 6th International Conference, EuroMed 2016, Nicosia, Cyprus, October 31 – November 5, 2016, Proceedings, Part I.
<p>Cultural Heritage (CH) visualisations have to be understood as a combination of research sources, the contemporary historical and cultural context (Zeitgeist), project background and work process. All available information is collected, consolidated, filtered and assembled into a coherent picture. In case of digital 3D reconstructed models, the result is a digital data set that can be processed for different application fields. They are understood as a result of a complex creative process and as a synthesis of a CH research project, its CH context, the available research source material, and the modeling process itself. For all visualisation types in CH different conditions, factors, and basic rules apply to achieve a high quality result. Two examples are presented illustrating the structured view on visualisation projects as such. This paper seeks to differentiate the various research sources being the basis for digital 3D reconstructed models and defines work phases allowing a quality assessment. Furthermore, the potentials of including this structured view into the ontology COSCHKR currently under development is discussed. In combindation with traditional guidelines COSCHKR platform could open up new and flexible approaches.</p>

Vorstellung SemGIS Projekt - Einblick und Status

2016

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3D-Scanning und virtuelle 3D-Modelle zur UnterstĂĽtzung der Untersuchung und virtuellen Rekonstruktionen des Grabmals von Frankfurt am Main - Zeilsheim

2016

P. Fasold, A. Hampel, M. Scholz, M. Tabaczek, Der römische Bestattungsplatz von Frankfurt am Main - Zeilsheim. Grabbau und Gräber der provinzialen Oberschicht









Interdisciplinary Dialogue Towards an Enhanced Understanding of Optical Techniques for Recording Material Cultural Heritage - Results of a COST Action

2016

C. E. Catalano, L. De Luca (eds): Proceedings EUROGRAPHICS Workshop on Graphics and Cultural Heritage (2016), Genova, Italy, pp. 219-222
<p>The COST Transdomain Action TD1201, Colour and Space in Cultural Heritage [COSb], 2012-2016, contributes to the conservation and preservation of cultural heritage (CH) by enhancing shared understanding, between experts from various disciplines, of the spectral and spatial recording of physical CH objects. Optimal recording, adapted to the requirements of a CH application, should involve experts from multiple disciplines and industries. Such an interdisciplinary approach is necessary &quot;in order to protect, preserve, analyze, understand, model, virtually reproduce, document and publish important CH in Europe and beyond&quot; [COSa]. In order to fulfil this goal, experts from 28 European countries entered into a multidisciplinary dialogue trying to establish a common understanding of spatial and spectral recording techniques best suited for particular CH applications. Several COSCH groups worked on the characterisation of spatial and spectral recording techniques; the use of algorithms and processing chains; and requirements of analysis, restoration and visualisation of CH surfaces and objects. A range of possible applications of optical techniques, now available to recording and examination of CH objects, have been tested through six COSCH case studies [BKM17]. These projects have exposed the challenges of common understanding of the processes involved, and differences in disciplinary research needs and methods. A number of issues have been identified, sometimes as basic as lack of common specialist terminology and relevant technical standards. The complexity of the field became apparent in the course of designing COSCHKR, ontological knowledge representation, which employs semantic technologies. After four years of interdisciplinary dialogue, COSCH leaves a legacy that will help the dialogue to continue, technology to develop, and specialist training to better respond to the actual needs of the interdisciplinary CH research communities.</p>

The Late Antique and Byzantine Workshop- and Milling-complex in Terrace House 2 of Ephesos (Turkey) - Relative Chronology and Wheelrace Construction

2016

Actes du colloque international, Lons-le-Saunier du 2 au 5 novembre 2011
<p>The workshop and milling complex in Terrace House 2 comprises seven mills and one stone-sawing machine. Each were powered by a waterwheel. Based on the different features, it is possible to identify three building phases. The first comprised at least two mills powered by two independent waterwheels. The second had at least one mill. In the third phase five waterwheels drove four mills and one stone-sawing machine. In addition, it is possible to distinguish between two different types of waterwheel constructions.</p>

Interpreting Heterogenous Geospatial Data using Semantic Web Technologies

2016

Computational Science and Its Applications -- ICCSA 2016
<p>The paper presents work on implementation of semantic technologies within a geospatial environment to provide a common base for further semantic interpretation. The work adds on the current works in similar areas where priorities are more on spatial data integration. We assert that having a common unified semantic view on heterogeneous datasets provides a dimension that allows us to extend beyond conventional concepts of searchability, reusability, composability and interoperability of digital geospatial data. It provides contextual understanding on geodata that will enhance effective interpretations through possible reasoning capabilities. &nbsp;We highlight this through use cases in disaster management and planned land use that are significantly different. This paper illustrates the work that firstly follows existing Semantic Web standards when dealing with vector geodata and secondly extends current standards when dealing with raster geodata and more advanced geospatial operations.</p>

Knowledge Based Recommendation on Optimal Spectral and Spatial Recording Strategy of Physical Cultural Heritage Objects

2016

SEMAPRO 2016: The 10th Internat. Conference on Advances in Semantic Processing
<p>Ontologies have traditionally been used to represent knowledge of a specific domain. They are also used to provide a base to infer the knowledge present inside them. However, the applications of ontologies within the Cultural Heritage (CH) community have been restricted to providing standard documentation for significant heritage objects. E.g., widely used ontology within CH disciplines, International Committee for Documentation Conceptual Reference Model (CIDOC CRM) is designed to provide standards in documenting archival information of physical CH object. There has been hardly any work relating the objects to their documentation purposes. In this paper, we present the Colour and Space in Cultural Heritage Knowledge Representation (= COSCHKR) ontology &ndash; a multi-faceted ontology. With COSCHKR, we present a system that infers inter-woven descriptive semantics of different involved CH disciplines in recording CH objects to recommend optimal spatial and spectral technical solutions to humanities experts and guide through the underlying complexities while recording their objects. It takes numbers of facts into consideration including physical characteristics of the CH objects, the characteristics of their surroundings and even other relevant facts such as budget or staff competence to infer against the characteristics of the technologies for a proper recommendation. In contrast to a typical Recommender System, which does the same for web-based content through stochastic methods, we use descriptive semantics at the concept level.</p>

SIVT - Processing, Viewing, and Analysis of 3D Scans of the Porthole Slab and Slab B2 of ZĂĽschen I

2016

CAA2015 - Keep the Revolution Going. Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology.









Produktion und Technik

2016

Byzanz. Historisch-kulturwissenschaftliches Handbuch.









CAPTURE AND ANALYSIS OF SENSOR DATA FOR ASTHMA PATIENTS

2016

ECIS2016









Stadt und Tempel von Elephantine. 39./40./41. Grabungsbericht

2016

Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts Abteilung Kairo
<p>From autumn 2010 to spring 2013 the German Archaeological Institute and the Swiss Institute for Architectural and Archaeological Research on Ancient Egypt continued the investigation of the city and temples of Elephantine (Aswan). The preliminary report presents the results of some of the projects conducted during this period.<br />As part of the ongoing rehabilitation work at the museum buildings located on the island of Elephantine, excavations were conducted near the northeastern limit of the ancient town. Among the earliest remains found in the area is a well preserved section of the city wall of the late 2nd dynasty. Outside the perimeter of this wall Nile sediments dating to the Old Kingdom were identified, as well as settlement remains of the 6th to 12th dynasties. Several pottery kilns of the early Middle Kingdom were discovered here. A later city wall appears to have been constructed during the reign of Senwosret III and it seems to have existed until the early New Kingdom.<br />The documentation and study of the relief blocks originating from the Khnum temple of the New Kingdom was continued. Many of the blocks can be attributed to the temple house, the courtyard and the first pylon built by Thutmosis III, as well as to the festival courtyard which was added by Amenophis II. Some of the blocks appear to originate from other, so far unknown buildings of the temple complex, including a cult building of Thutmosis I and II, a barque station of Hatshepsut and a construction of Thutmosis IV.<br />The aim of another project has been the investigation of workshop areas of the Late Antique Period. During the excavation of a house dating to the 5th&ndash;9th centuries AD, evidence for the baking of bread, the keeping of animals and the production of granodiorite bowls has been found. Nearby an oven used for smelting non-ferrous metal was identified. Fragments of melting pots, casting molds and slag provide information on the production process.</p>

Ein Industrieviertel im Zentrum von Ephesos - die WassermĂĽhlen im Hanghaus 2

2016

Drittes Wissenschaftliches Netzwerk der Abteilung Istanbul des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts
<p>Die luxuriös ausgestatteten Wohneinheiten des am Nordhang des Bülbüldağ gelegenen Hanghauses 2 wurden im 3. Viertel des 3. Jhs. durch eine schwere Erdbebenserie zerstört. Statt die Wohnungen wiederaufzubauen, wurden bereits kurze Zeit nach der verheerenden Katastrophe mit Wasserkraft angetriebene Mühlen eingerichtet. Im Befund sind insgesamt acht Wasserradgerinne mit jeweils einer zugehörigen Mühlstube bzw. Werkstatt erhalten. Sie lassen sich drei Bauphasen zuordnen, die in das 4., 5./6. und Ende des 6./Anfang des 7. Jahrhunderts datieren. In der am besten erhaltenen Phase sind insgesamt fünf Räder hintereinandergeschaltet. Neben einer Steinsäge wurden vier Mahlgänge zur Mehlproduktion angetrieben. Eine große Personenanzahl konnte so mit dem wichtigsten Grundnahrungsmittel versorgt werden. Die Mühlenanlage wird in den städtischen Kontext von Ephesos gesetzt und mit anderen Mühlenanlagen verglichen.</p>

The Labelling System: A Bottom-up Approach for Enriched Vocabularies in the Humanities

2016

43rd Annual Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology, CAA 2015
<p>Shared thesauri of concepts are increasingly used in the process of data modelling and annotating resources in the Semantic Web. This growing family of linked data resources follows a top-down principle. In contrast, the Labeling System follows a bottom-up approach, enabling scientists working in the digital humanities to manage, create and publish their own controlled vocabularies in SKOS (Simple Knowledge Organization System). The created concepts can then be interlinked with well-known LOD (Linked Open Data) resources, a process named the &lsquo;Labeling Approach&rsquo;. The Labeling System is domain independent, while uniting perspectives of different scientific disciplines on the same label and therefore contributing to interdisciplinary collaboration for building up cross and inter-domain linked data communities. This paper addresses principles of the Labeling System in the light of archaeological use cases.</p>

Analyse von Bildresiduen mit Machine-Learning im Kontext von Kamera-Kalibrierungen

2016

Oldenburger 3D Tage 2016
<p>Photogrammetrie ermöglicht es, Objekte mit Hilfe von Digitalbildern zu vermessen. Bei optimalen Messbedingungen sind Unterschiede in der Qualität der abgeleiteten Maße vor allem auf die mathematische Modellierung des verwendeten Sensors und der Linse zurückzuführen. Kalibrierungen erfolgen meist mittels Bündelblockausgleichung, die es gestattet, daraus vielerlei statistische Kennzahlen abzuleiten. Eine tiefergehende Analyse der berechneten Parameter, Standardabweichungen, Korrelationen und deren Verteilungen kann Aufschluss geben, ob das verwendete Kalibriermodell Schwächen aufweist. Solche Defizite können sich durch systematische Restfehler im Bild- oder Objektraum äußern. Da solche Restfehler zu Ungenauigkeiten in den daraus abgeleiteten Informationen führen können, ist deren mathematischer Nachweis und anschließende Kompensation zur Erzielung höchster Genauigkeiten unausweichlich. Neueste Ansätze nutzen Korrekturterme, um solche Systematiken schon während der Bündelblockausgleichung zu modellieren. Der vorliegende Beitrag beschreibt, wie auch Machine-Learning Techniken dabei helfen können, verbliebene systematische Abweichungen in Bildresiduen nachzuweisen, ohne dass hierzu ein Eingriff in die Bündelblockausgleichung notwendig ist. Dies wird im ersten Schritt anhand von Beispieldaten erläutert. Im zweiten Schritt wird die Wirkung dieser Vorgehensweise an einer realen Kamerakalibrierung verdeutlicht. Abschließend erfolgt eine Diskussion der im Zuge dieser Arbeit erzielten Resultate und möglicher Eignung dieses Verfahrens in der Praxis.</p>

3D Survey and Documentation of an Early Iron Age Burial from Otzing, near Deggendorf in Lower Bavaria

2016

COSCH e-Bulletin 3-2016









Bridging the Gap between Surveyors and the Geo-Spatial Societ

2016

Int. Arch. Photo- gramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLI-B4, 683- 686
<p><span class="pb_abstract">For many years FIG, the International Association of Surveyors, has been trying to bridge the gap between surveyors and the geospatial society as a whole, with the geospatial industries in particular. Traditionally the surveying profession contributed to the good of society by creating and maintaining highly precise and accurate geospatial data bases, based on an in-depth knowledge of spatial reference frameworks. Furthermore in many countries surveyors may be entitled to make decisions about land divisions and boundaries. By managing information spatially surveyors today develop into the role of geo-data managers, the longer the more. Job assignments in this context include data entry management, data and process quality management, design of formal and informal systems, information management, consultancy, land management, all that in close cooperation with many different stakeholders. Future tasks will include the integration of geospatial information into e-government and e-commerce systems. The list of professional tasks underpins the capabilities of surveyors to contribute to a high quality geospatial data and information management. In that way modern surveyors support the needs of a geo-spatial society. The paper discusses several approaches to define the role of the surveyor within the modern geospatial society.</span></p>

UAV photogrammetry and 3D analyses of CH sites. The millstone quarry district of Mayen (DE) as a case study

2016

W. Börner, S. Uhlirz (eds), Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Cultural Heritage and New Technologies 2015 (CHNT 20, 2015)
<p>Application and analysis capabilities of 3D data sets generated through UAV photogrammetry are presented on the basis of an exemplary millstone quarry of the so-called Mayen quarry district (Germany). In general, millstone quarries are technical cultural heritage sites which give evidence for economic interpretations as they are of interest for the reconstruction of ancient procurement patterns. Particularly those quarries which had a high economic impact cover large areas with often arduous accessibility. Therefore, photogrammetric recording using a UAV is the best approach for fast and inexpensive high-quality documentation. The images are used to create a 3D data set and orthophoto. For analysis and interpretation the Spatial Image analysis and Visualisation Tool (SIVT) of i3mainz is used allowing a variety of interactive visualization functionalities. The 3D data are transformed into 2.5D data enabling segmentation of spatial information and volume calculations. Both functionalities support the cultural heritage expert&#39;s research: On the one hand the interactive segmentation allows producing a map of the quarry displaying only those parts associated with the extraction. On the other hand the output of the quarry including debris and millstone blanks can be calculated easily. All in all, the entire workflow beginning with data capture using a UAV followed by data processing, (2.5D / 3D) data analyses and visualisation of the results is presented.</p>

Systemarchitektur eines mobilen Empfehlungssystems mit Echtzeitanalysen von Sensordaten fĂĽr Asthmatiker

2016

Multikonferenz Wirtschaftsinformatik (MKWI)
<p>Das Projekt ActOnAir verfolgt einen neuartigen Ansatz zur Erfassung, Kombination und Analyse persönlicher Belastungsinformationen und feinmaschiger Umweltdaten für Asthmatiker. Individuelle Handlungsalternativen werden identifiziert, bewertet und überwacht. Dieser Beitrag stellt Gestaltungsziele und Kernanforderungen für die zu entwickelnden Softwarekomponenten vor und beschreibt eine hierzu passende Systemarchitektur sowie deren prototypische Umsetzung.</p>

Interlinking Heterogenous Spatial Data Using an INSPIRE Ontology

2016

INSPIRE Conference 2016, Barcelona









Technical study of Germolles’ wall paintings: the input of imaging technique

2016

Virtual Archaeology Review
<p>The Château de Germolles is one of the rare palaces in France dating from the 14 th century. The noble floor is decorated with wall paintings that are a unique example of courtly love spirit that infused the princely courts of the time. After being concealed sometime in the 19 th century, the paintings were rediscovered and uncovered in the middle of the 20 th century and partly restored at the end of the 1990s. No scientific documentation accompanied these interventions and important questions, such as the level of authenticity of the mural decorations and the original painting technique(s) used in the medieval times remained unanswered. The combined scientific and financial supports of COSCH COST Action and DRAC-Burgundy enabled to study Germolles&#39; wall paintings using some of the most innovative imaging and analytical techniques and to address some of the questions raised. The study provided significant information on the material used in the medieval times and on the conservation condition of the paintings. The data collected is vast and varied and exposed the owners of the property to the challenges of data management.</p>

Ein Modell der Interoperabilität für GIS-Anwender im Rahmen von INSPIRE

2016

AVN - Allgemeine Vermessungsnachrichten, Ausgabe 4-5/2016
<p>Mit INSPIRE &ndash; der Geodateninfrastruktur der Europäischen Gemeinschaft &ndash; wird das Ziel verfolgt, umweltrelevante und harmonisierte Geodatenbestände für eine nachhaltige europäische Umweltpolitik und zur allgemeinen Bereitstellung für die Bürger der EU verfügbar zu machen. Die Konzeption und Umsetzung von Diensten der Behörden in Europa muss auf der Grundlage von vernetzten Datenbanken erfolgen. Zur Gewährleistung einer Interoperabilität zwischen den verschiedenen Ebenen und Systemen ist es zwingend notwendig, dass auf den verschiedenen Ebenen die Behörden und Systeme über gemeinsame Standards kommunizieren. Dabei sind sowohl semantische, syntaktische und organisatorische Rahmenbedingungen der Verwaltungen zu berücksichtigen. Diese spiegeln sich vor allem in den vorhandenen E-Government-Aktivitäten, Standardisierungen und Geoinformationssystemen (GIS) der Verwaltung wider. Zur Realisierung einer Geodateninfrastruktur in der Europäischen Gemeinschaft sollen die Mitgliedsstaaten ihre bereits vorhandenen Geodatensätze und -dienste stufenweise interoperabel verfügbar machen. Damit soll die Entscheidungsfindung in Bezug auf politische Konzepte und Maßnahmen, die direkte oder indirekte Auswirkungen auf die Umwelt haben können, unterstützt werden. Jedoch haben die gewachsenen Verwaltungsstrukturen in Städten und Landkreisen mit ihren jeweiligen Besonderheiten zu heterogenen Datenbeständen geführt. In dem entwickelten E-Government-Modell einer Geodateninfrastruktur (Geo-Government) kann Interoperabilität auf allen Ebenen nachgewiesen werden.</p>

Geopartizipation, ein rheinland-pfälzisches Modellprojekt

2016

gis.BUSINESS 6/2016, S. 33









Development of a platform recommending 3D and spectral digitisation strategies.

2016

Virtual Archaeology Review
<p>Spatial and spectral recording of cultural heritage objects is a complex task including data acquisition, processing and analysis involving different technical disciplines. Additionally, the development of a suitable digitisation strategy satisfying the expectations of the humanities experts needs an interdisciplinary dialogue often suffering from misunderstanding and knowledge gaps on both the technical and humanities sides. Through a concerted discussion, experts from the cultural heritage and technical domains currently develop a so-called COSCH KR (Colour and Space in Cultural Heritage Knowledge Representation) platform that will give recommendations for spatial and spectral recording strategies adapted to the needs of the cultural heritage application. The platform will make use of an ontology through which the relevant parameters of the different domains involved in the recording, processing, analysis, and dissemination of cultural heritage objects are hierarchically structured and related through rule-based dependencies. Background and basis for this ontology is the fact that a deterministic relation exists between (1) the requirements of a cultural heritage application on spatial, spectral, as well as visual digital information of a cultural heritage object which itself has concrete physical characteristics and (2) the technical possibilities of the spectral and spatial recording devices. Through a case study which deals with the deformation analysis of wooden samples of cultural heritage artefacts, this deterministic relationship is illustrated explaining the overall structure and development of the ontology. The aim of the COSCH KR platform is to support cultural heritage experts finding the best suitable recording strategy for their often unique physical cultural heritage object and research question. The platform will support them and will make them aware of the relevant parameters and limitations of the recording strategy with respect to the characteristics of the cultural heritage object, external influences, application, recording devices, and data.</p>

SEMANTIC CATALOGUE TO MANAGE DATA SOURCES IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

2016

The 15th International Conference on Informatics in Economy 2016
<p><span class="foldable-text" data-reactid="118" id="yui_3_14_1_1_1505396728757_1230">With the climate change, disasters occur more frequently and the need for efficient disaster management systems becomes highly recommended to save lives. This paper deals with a study of existing systems, with the intention of determining the main recent improvement in the domain. The heterogeneous data integration process is a major central point. Thus, a semantic system with three main components is proposed as a new position in the disaster management systems. These three components are a knowledge base, a reasoner and a semantic catalogue. The knowledge base provides a controlled vocabulary and allows storing information retrieval. The semantic catalogue facilitates the access to data sources adapted to user&#39;s and agent&#39;s needs. The reasoner analyzes the information in the knowledge base thus replying to the user queries. In addition, the reasoner aims at adding automatically new data sources in the semantic catalogue. The fast access to a great number of data sources is of benefit for decision-making systems such as disaster management systems.</span></p>

Geo-Partizipation Rheinland-Pfalz

2016

PDF

ns
<p>Die <strong>Partizipation der Bürger</strong> ist ein wesentlicher Bestandteil moderner Demokratie, welche bei Planungsaufgaben der Kommunen zukünftig einen noch höheren Stellenwert einnehmen soll. Mit der Einführung von Geo-Informationssystemen (GIS) in kommunalen Verwaltungen, ist in den letzten Jahren die <strong>Nutzung digitaler Geodaten</strong> stetig gestiegen. Deren elektronische Bereitstellung sowie die Nutzung moderner Informations- und Kommunikationstechniken im Internet, bieten für Partizipation sehr große Chancen für die Verwaltungen und die Bürger:</p><ul><li><strong>Aktive Teilhabe</strong> der Bürger an Entscheidungsprozessen in Politik und Verwaltung.</li><li><strong>Transparenter Zugriff</strong> auf Informationen aus dem Bereich Planung, Bauen, Energie und Umwelt.</li><li>Förderung der <strong>elektronischen Kommunikation</strong> mit dem Planungsträger.</li><li><strong>Stellungnahmen</strong> können auf elektronischem Wege, unabhängig von Erreichbarkeit und Öffnungszeiten übermittelt werden.</li><li>Elektronische Partizipation als eine <strong>neue Form der Wissenskommunikation</strong>.</li><li>Geodaten sollen der <strong>Veranschaulichung der politischen Entscheidungsprozesse</strong> und der Beteiligung dienen.</li></ul><p>Dieser als <strong>&bdquo;Geo-Partizipation&quot;</strong> bezeichnete Forschungsansatz gilt in Anlehnung an den Begriff &bdquo;E-Partizipation&quot; für die IT-gestützten Beteiligungen, bei denen der Raumbezug in Form von Geoinformationen eine wichtige bzw. entscheidende Rolle spielt. Damit kann eine Nutzung von GIS nicht nur für die Erstellung von Planungen, sondern ein ganzheitliches Beteiligungsinstrument mit Geodaten der Verwaltung ermöglicht werden. Dazu zählen sowohl <strong>formale Beteiligungsverfahren der kommunalen Bauleitplanung</strong>, als auch informelle Verfahren der Stadtentwicklung oder der Dorferneuerung. Die im Bericht vorgestellte <strong>Internet-Plattform kann als Prototyp</strong> einer operativen &bdquo;Geo-Partizipation&ldquo; angesehen werden, welche für die Kommunen im Projekt des Instituts für Raumbezogene Informations- und Messtechnik (i3mainz) die Partizipation in Planungsverfahren unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Raumbezuges ermöglicht.</p>

Knowledge based Object Detection in Images and Point clouds

2016

Molas 2016