Institut für Raumbezogene Informations- und Messtechnik
Hochschule Mainz - University of Applied Sciences

The Nepal Heritage Documentation Project (NHDP)

The aim of the project is the documentation of the physical cultural heritage within Kathmandu Valley, espacially the monastic courtyards and the arcaded rest houses. Funded by Arcadia Fund and led by Heidelberg Centre of Transcultural Studies (HCTS), Heidelberg University, the project is supported by i3mainz as the technical Partner.
Motivation und Ziele: 

The Nepal Heritage Documentation Project (NHDP) intends to document physical cultural heritage and buildings that are highly vulnerable of being destroyed or neglected due to rapid urbanisation and frequent earthquakes, the last being the recent ones in April/May 2015. This two-year pilot project will complement the existing open-access Digital Archive of Nepalese Architectures (DANA) of Nepalese monuments and objects. It follows the up-to-date heritage documentation standards both

  • during the in-situ data collection and studies of selected monument types and
  • during enriching and populating the collected data into an open-access inventory management system.

In doing so, the project aims to develop DANA further as an open-access resource and as a tool for the Department of Archaeology (DoA), Government of Nepal, to manage, preserve and protect national and community heritage.
The project started in October 2018 and will run until September 2020. During these two years, the project will have documented 400+ monuments and their respective physical heritage within Kathmandu Valley and in particular within Patan, an old city inside the valley. It particularly focuses on two categories of most endangered architectural categories: the monastic courtyards and the arcaded rest houses.

The project is funded by London based Arcadia Fund and comprises networks both in Germany and Nepal. The project is led by Heidelberg Centre of Transcultural Studies (HCTS), Heidelberg University. i3mainz, Mainz University of Applied Science is a technical partner in the project and is responsible for conceptualizing, building up technical system required to provide open access to the data collected and fed into it. The project operates on the open-source software system Arches. Arches is an open-source GIS solution for cultural heritage inventorying and management. It is widely used inventory system to inventor physical heritage. Arches is a hybrid system that uses CIDOC-CRM as the foundational ontology.


The project is at its early phase. Currently, most focus is given to generate, collect and assemble data. This includes visiting the monuments, measuring different components and structures that include measuring the associated objects and sort and list them in a systematic way. This early activity also includes generation of digital data such as photographs taken on the sites or generating CAD site/ground plans of the monuments. It also includes digital conversions of non-digital data into digital ones. At its early stage, a group of experts from different related disciplines collaboratively and iteratively agreed on an input mask that will be used to list and sort the data collected and generated on the field. This group of experts includes heritage experts, architectures and Information scientists. i3mainz through the representation of Dr. Ashish Karmacharya played a major role during development and finalization of the input mask. He was also involved in development of the data prortal, Digital Archive of Nepalese Arts and Monuments (DANAM) and played major role in its customization and extension.



The project made the data portal public in April 2019. Since then, it has been widely used by students, researchers, and Nepal enthusiasts.  


Zeitraum:     01.10.2018 - 30.09.2026
Beteiligte Personen:
  • – Prof. Dr. Christiane Brosius, Professor of Visual and Media Anthropology at the Heidelberg Centre for Transcultural
  • – Prof. Dr. Axel Michaels, Senior Professor and Vice President of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities
  • – Cluster of Excellence "Asia and Europe in a Global Context at Heidelberg University
  • – Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften
  • Krishna Temple at Patan Darbar Sqaure, Lalitpur in Nepal, with the inventory structure, Author: Ashish Karmacharya

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